Sometimes you may need to add ‘export to pdf’ functionality to your python application or website. In this article, we will look at how to export data to PDF using python. You can use these steps to export HTML to PDF or even plain text to PDF.
How to Create PDF File in Python
We will use fpdf library to create PDF. It stands for free pdf and is commonly used in python applications to create pdf files.
You can install it with the following command.
$ sudo pip install fpdf
1. Create PDF file from text
In this case, we will import fpdf library, add a page, set its font, and insert a cell with our text in it. Finally, we save it as pdf file.
#import fpdf from fpdf import FPDF #create object instance pdf = FPDF() #add page pdf.add_page() # set font style and size pdf.set_font("Arial", size = 15) # create a cell, specify its alignment and position pdf.cell(200, 10, txt = "Fedingo.com", ln = 1, align = 'C') # add another cell pdf.cell(200, 10, txt = "Useful tech articles", ln = 2, align = 'C') # save the pdf with name .pdf pdf.output("fedingo.pdf")
2. Save Text File as PDF
Sometimes you may need to convert a text file into PDF. You can also do this with fpdf. In this case, we will loop through our text file, line by line and add them one by one to our pdf file, before saving it. In the above example, we have added two lines to our PDF file. This is just an extension of it. Let us say you want to save text file data.txt to data.pdf. Here is an example to create pdf file out of it.
#import fpdf from fpdf import FPDF #create object instance pdf = FPDF() #add page pdf.add_page() # set font style and size pdf.set_font("Arial", size = 15)
# open the text file in read mode
# insert the texts in pdf
pdf.cell(200, 10, txt =
x, ln =
1, align =
'C')# save the pdf with name .pdf pdf.output("data.pdf")
3. Convert Webpage to PDF
If you want to convert your web page/HTML to PDF then we recommend using pdfkit instead. We have provided step by step tutorial to convert webpage to PDF using pdfkit. Here is how to convert webpage to PDF.
4. Convert DocX to PDF
If you want to convert DocX file to PDF then it is advisable to use docx2pdf which is specifically built for this purpose.
We have provided detailed tutorial about converting DocX files to PDF document. Here is how to convert DocX to PDF files.
As you can see, python is a very versatile language that allows you to convert various kinds of data inputs to PDF documents. Exporting to PDF is a useful and sought after function in most websites and applications. You can use any of the above methods to generate PDF from your data and share it with your users.
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