convert webpage to pdf in python

How to Convert Webpage into PDF using Python

Sometimes you may need to convert webpages into PDF for your application or work. In this article, we will look at how to convert webpage into PDF using Python. We will use wkhtmltopdf & pdfkit libraries for this purpose.


How to Convert Webpage into PDF using Python

Here are the steps to convert webpage into PDF using python.


1. Install pdfkit

Open terminal and run the following command to install pdfkit

$ sudo pip install pdfkit

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2. Install wkhtmltopdf

Run the following command to install wkhtmltopdf.

$ sudo apt-get install wkhtmltopdf

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3. Convert Webpage into PDF

Let us look at different use cases to convert html to pdf. pdfkit provides various functions to convert your content into pdf files. We will look at them one by one.


Convert File into PDF in Python

Here is the command to convert a downloaded web page html document to pdf.

import pdfkit
pdfkit.from_file('/home/ubuntu/test.html','output.pdf')

The from_file function in pdfkit library allows you to convert a file into PDF in python. You need to provide the full path to html file and filename of your pdf. If you only provide filename as first argument, it will look for the document in your present working directory.

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Convert URL into PDF in Python

Here is the command to convert a URL into pdf using from_url function.

import pdfkit
pdfkit.from_url('https://www.google.com','google.pdf')

The from_url function in pdfkit library allows you to convert URL to PDF in python. You need to provide URL as first argument and pdf file’s name as second argument.

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Convert String into PDF in Python

Here is the command to convert string into PDF using from_string function.

import pdfkit
pdfkit.from_string('Hello World','hello.pdf')

The from_string function allows you to convert string into PDF in Python. It takes the string as first argument, and PDF file’s name as second argument.

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Convert multiple files & strings into PDF

You can also use the above commands to convert multiple files, URLs & strings into PDF file. Just use a list of filenames, URLs, and strings as the first argument. Here are the examples

pdfkit.from_file(['/home/ubuntu/test.html','/home/ubuntu/test2.html','/home/ubuntu/test2.html'],'output.pdf')

pdfkit.from_url(['https://www.google.com','https://www.facebook.com'],'two-sites.pdf')

pdfkit.from_string(['Hello',' ','World'],'hello.pdf')

In this article, we have learnt different ways to convert our URL, web page and strings into PDF in Python.

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