how to run shell script

How to Run Shell Script in Linux

Shell scripts are very useful to run various commands and automate processes in Linux. But when you are starting out, you may find it difficult to run a shell script. In this article, we will look at how to run shell script in Linux. You can use them to execute commands in shell script or run .sh files in Linux. Shell scripts are available in every Linux distribution and they are used by the Kernel itself to handle many of system tasks and processes.


How to Run Shell Script in Linux

Here are the steps to run shell script in Linux.


1. Create Shell Script File

Open terminal and go to the directory (e.g. /home/ubuntu) where you want to create shell script.

$ cd /home/ubuntu

Create an empty shell script file using text editor. Please note, the shell script file must have .sh extension.

$ sudo vi test.sh

Also read : How to Rename Multiple Files in Linux


2. Add Script

Add the following sample script to your file. You can modify it according to your requirements.

#!/bin/bash
echo "Hello World"

Please note the first line above. It is used to specify which shell to use for executing your script. We have used the default bash shell which is available in almost all Linux systems. You can also !/bin/sh, !/bin/csh, !/bin/ksh if they are available on your system. It is optional and you can omit but it is generally added as the first line, as a convention, so that Linux knows which interpreter to use.

Save and close the file.

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3. Make Shell Script Executable

Before you run the shell script, you need to modify its permissions and make it an executable, with the following command.

$ sudo chmod +x test.sh

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4. Run Shell Script

Finally, run the script using the following command ( ./<filename>)

$ ./test.sh
Hello World

Please note the dot and forward slash before the filename. If you want to run the above shell script from a different folder, you need to specify the full path to your shell script.

$ ./home/ubuntu/test.sh

If your system shows “access denied” on running a shell script, or only sudo/root users are allows to run shell scripts then run the above command after sudo keyword.

$ sudo ./home/ubuntu/test.sh

If you want to run the shell script using a specific shell, then run the above file after calling that shell.

$ sudo csh ./home/ubuntu/test.sh

Also read : How to View Hidden Files in Linux

As you can see, it is quite easy to create and execute shell scripts in Linux.

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