Sometimes you may need to check if a port is open or in use on your Linux system, before running a software on it. There are many easy ways to do this. Here are some commonly used commands to find out if a port is open or closed in Linux. You can use them on almost every Linux distribution since they come pre-installed.
How to Check if Port is Open or Closed in Linux
Here are some of the commands to find if a port is in use or not.
1. Using lsof command
You can use lsof command to view list of open files in Linux. Since ports are treated as files in Linux, you can also use lsof command to view open ports.
Here are some of the commands using lsof to view open ports.
$ sudo lsof -i -P -n $ sudo lsof -i -P -n | grep LISTEN
It will show output as follows
sshd 8379 root 3u IPv4 0xffff70000029e000 0t0 TCP 188.8.131.52:22 (LISTEN)
- sshd – name of application
- 8379 – PID of application
- 184.108.40.206 – ip address to which the application is bound
- 22 – port number in use
2. Using netstat
netstat is another command used to list open ports and running processes.
$ netstat -tulpn | grep LISTEN
In case netstat has been deprecated on your system, you can use ss command instead.
$ sudo ss -tulw $ sudo ss -tulwn
Here is what the different options stand for:
-t : Display only TCP sockets on Linux
-u : Display only UDP sockets on Linux
-l : Display open sockets
-p : Display process name that opened sockets
-n : Don’t use DNS
3. nmap command
You may also use nmap command to list open ports.
$ sudo nmap -sTU -O localhost
In this article, we have covered 3 commands to easily view open ports in Linux.