make directory inaccessible using .htaccess

How to Make Directory Inaccessible with .htaccess

Sometimes you may need to make a folder or subfolder inaccessible, or block access to a specific subdirectory on your website. In this article, we will look at how to make directory inaccessible with .htaccess for Apache web server. You can use it to control access to folders and directories that contain sensitive information.

How to Make Directory Inaccessible with .htaccess

Here are the steps to make directory inaccessible with .htaccess. Let us say you want to deny access to /data/ folder.

1. Create .htaccess

Navigate to the folder that you want to make inaccessible.

$ sudo cd /var/www/html/data

Create an .htaccess file in this directory.

$ sudo vi .htaccess

Also read : How to Remove index.php from URL using .htaccess

2. Block access to directory

Add the following line to block access to directory from all IPs.

deny from all

If you want to allow access from specific IP, add the following line. Replace [your IP] with the IP from which you want to allow access.

allow from [your IP]

Save and close the file.

Also read : Apache Config File Location

3. Restart Apache web server

Restart Apache server to apply changes.

$ sudo service apache2 restart

That’s it. Now you if you open browser and try accessing from any IP address other than the one you have allowed access, you will get a “403: Access Forbidden” message.

Also read : How to Redirect HTTP to HTTPS in Apache

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