VNC Server is a powerful desktop sharing and remote access application that allows you to easily collaborate with others. In this article, we will look at how to install VNC Server on Ubuntu.
How to Install VNC Server on Ubuntu
Here are the steps to install & configure VNC server on Ubuntu.
1. Install Desktop Environment
We will first install ubuntu desktop client for VNC server that you can use to connect to VNC server. If you have already installed it, or if you only want to install VNC server, you can skip this step. Else open terminal and run the following command.
sudo apt update$
sudo apt-get install --no-install-recommends ubuntu-desktop gnome-panel gnome-settings-daemon metacity nautilus gnome-terminal gnome-core
2. Install VNC Server
There are different versions of VNC server available. We will install VNC4Server.
$ sudo apt-get install vnc4server
3. Configure VNC Server
Open /usr/bin/vncserver file in a text editor. Make a backup of this file before you change it.
$ sudo cp /usr/bin/vncserver /usr/bin/vncserver.bkp $ sudo vi /usr/bin/vncserver
Look for the following line
"# exec /etc/X11/xinit/xinitrcnn".
Add the lines below it.
"# exec /etc/X11/xinit/xinitrcnn". "gnome-panel &n". "gnome-settings-daemon &n". "metacity &n". "nautilus &n". "gnome-terminal &n".
4. Start VNC Server
Start vnc server with the following command.
You will be prompted for password.
You will require a password to access your desktops through VNC Clients. Password:****** Verify:******
You will see some configuration output.
xauth: file /root/.Xauthority does not exist New 'ubuntu-desktop:1 (root)' desktop is ubuntu-desktop:1 ... Starting applications specified in /root/.vnc/xstartup Log file is /root/.vnc/ubuntu-desktop:1.log
5. Update Firewall Rules
By default, VNC Server runs on port 5901. If you run more than one server with will run on ports 5902, 5903, … We will update firewall rules for port 5901-10.
$ sudo ufw allow OpenSSH $ sudo ufw allow 5901:5910/tcp
6. Connect to VNC Server
Use any remote desktop client such as VNC Viewer to connect to your VNC server.
Once you are connected you will be able to see desktop screen or terminal of your VNC server, depending on the OS of VNC server.
In this article, we have learnt how to install & configure VNC server, and connect to it using VNC viewer.
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