By default, Apache uses www-data user in Ubuntu/Debian and apache in CentOS/Redhat/Fedora to access your website files and run system commands. However, sometimes you may need to use a different user & group for your website files. Here are the steps to change Apache user.
How to Change Apache User
Here are the steps to change Apache user and group.
1. Open Apache Configuration File
Open terminal and run the following command to open Apache configuration file located at any of the following locations depending on your system & type of installation.
$ sudo vi /etc/httpd/httpd.conf
Also read : How to Change Default Page in .htaccess
2. Update User & Group
Look for User and Group directives in Apache configuration file. They will be as follows.
Ubuntu/Debian User www-data Group www-data Redhat/Fedora/CentOS User apache Group apache
Change it to a user of your choice (e.g. root)
User root Group root
Also read : How to Make URL Case Insensitive in .htaccess
3. Change file ownership
Update your website files’ owner and group to the ones you specified above. Here is the syntax for it.
$ sudo chown --recursive username:groupname /your/website/root/
For example, if your website’s root is located at /var/www/html then run the following command to change owner & group.
$ sudo chown --recursive root:root /var/www/html/
Also read : How to Make Subfolder Root in .htaccess
4. Restart Apache Server
Restart Apache server to apply changes
$ sudo systemctl restart apache2 # Ubuntu, Debian, openSUSE and SLES $ sudo systemctl restart httpd # CentOS, Fedora and Red Hat
5. Test the changes
Run the ps aux command to list the owner and group of Apache processes.
$ ps aux | grep apache2 root 1288 0.0 0.1 162184 6634 ? Ss Apr29 0:02 /usr/sbin/apache2 -k start root 2197 0.0 0.1 162184 6268 ? S Apr29 0:00 /usr/sbin/apache2 -k start root 1298 0.0 0.1 162184 6926 ? S Apr29 0:00 /usr/sbin/apache2 -k start root 1302 0.0 0.1 162184 7684 ? S Apr29 0:00 /usr/sbin/apache2 -k start
As you can see, your new user (root) is the owner of Apache processes. In this article, we have learnt how to change Apache user & group for your website.
Also read : How to Remove index.php using .htaccess